Making hand-knotted and hand-tufted rugs
Sukhi hand-knotted and hand-tufted rugs are both made by skilled artisans. They receive fair wages and good working conditions.
But these two types of rugs are not the same. The way these rugs are made are different. The level and time involved to make them also varies.
Customers often ask us to explain why they are different. Let’s take a closer look!
How are hand-knotted rugs made?
Our hand-knotted rugs are made using ancient techniques. Makers create these rugs using individual pieces of wool. This is put on a loom.
The work is slow and careful. The process requires exceptional skill. The end result is a stunning rug. These are truly some of the best rugs money can buy.
We believe materials are the foundation of each rug. That’s why we only use high-quality, sustainable materials. You’ll see bamboo silk and wool. This is necessary for exquisite hand-knotted rugs.
Next, our raw wool is carded and cleaned. It is then spun into beautiful yarn.
What is the third step in the Sukhi hand-knotted rug making process? It is to dye the wool. The dying process is very important. It allows us to create hundreds of different and vibrant colors.
Finally, the most labor-intensive part of the process begins. Our skilled artisans start to weave the rug.
A hand-knotted Sukhi rug is woven by hand. There are no shortcuts. Weaving is performed on a specially designed loom.
Vertical threads are tied onto the loom. These are durable and tough threads. They will eventually become the fringe of the rug. The weft running horizontally intertwines with the vertical threads. These all-important vertical threads create the foundation.
Next, our skilled artisans take the knots by hand. They tie them into the warp threads. Then they cut them and finally secure the knot. Here’s an amazing fact. An experienced Sukhi weaver can tie thirty knots per minute! Sometimes up to 10,000 knots get tied per day.
It is important to remember that Sukhi rugs can have very complex patterns. This can take a very long time to complete.
Once finished, rugs are washed. The washing process brings out the yarn’s natural beauty and sheen. Also, washing helps to dislodge any dirt. Dirt can accumulate during the weaving process. Then our hand-knotted rugs are ready to be evened out and trimmed.
That’s the process in a nut-shell. Each completed hand-knotted rug is a true work of art.
How are hand-tufted rugs made?
Hand-tufted rugs are quite different. Clearly, they are made by hand. But here is the most striking difference. Hand-tufted rugs are not made by tying knots. That means they can be made more quickly. They are much more affordable than hand-knotted rugs and still of exceptional quality.
While different, machine-made tufted rugs do exist. Everything at Sukhi is always handmade.
Hand-tufted rugs are produced using a highly-specialized tool. It’s called a tufting gun. Loops of wool are pushed through a special type of backing. This backing features an imprint with the overall design.
First the loops of wool are pushed through the imprint. Then a second process begins. Another foundation called a scrim is applied using a safe latex glue. First, the glue must dry. Then a final protective cloth is added to the rug’s back.
Next, last step of the process begins. The rug is sheared. This means that all the loops on top of the rug are cut out. This cutting creates the pile.
These rugs don’t have the uniquely high quality of hand knotted rugs. But the end result is still a beautiful handmade rug.